The Philippines envisions a government that exemplifies competence, integrity and commitment in public service. To achieve this, there must be public leaders who adhere to the same values. It all started with the government’s common goal to build a force of public managers; knowledgeable and skillful administrators committed to development. Anchored on hard realities rather than academic purity, the original Career Executive Service Development Program (CESDP) was drawn up in 1974 to support the Career Executive Service. The Program wished for top caliber public officials to assume the roles of experts, change agents, and leaders.
CESDP: Where it all began
The now 46-year old Development Academy of the Philippines (DAP) created the CESDP in fulfillment of its mandate from Presidential Decree No. 1 dated September 24, 1972 and Presidential Decree No. 336 dated November 14, 1973 which state that “the Academy shall (i) prepare a career executive service program appropriate and necessary for the organization and operation of the Career Executive Service and (ii) in consultation with the Career Executive Service Board, initiate and continue to implement the aforesaid program.”
Moreover, DAP’s Charter, Presidential Decree No. 205 dated June 7, 1973 mandates DAP to foster and support the development efforts of the country, by carrying out selective human resource development programs designed to instill development perspectives and advance management capability in the leadership of the key sectors of the government and the economy. It is through these mandates that the DAP continuously ran the Program between 1974 and 1985 covering 1,061 CESOs and 82 Division Chiefs. To re-energize the bureaucracy after the historical People Power Revolution in 1986, the DAP was tasked to run the CESDP once more with a different name, “Managing the Bureaucracy for Results”, with 146 CESOs graduates. The last two sessions of the same abbreviated program renamed CESDP covered 57 CESOs under the administration of President Fidel Ramos.
PMDP: Continuing the legacy
Committed to transform the bureaucracy from “demoralized but dedicated civil servants destined for failure due to inadequate operational support” to “professional, motivated and energized bureaucracies with adequate means to perform their public service missions”, the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) for 2011-2016 supported the goals of the previous administration with a strategy to professionalize the bureaucracy with a purposive, program-based and integrated professional development plan for career executives and personnel.
Through Republic Act 10155 or the General Appropriations Act of 2012, the Public Management Development Program (PMDP) was implemented as a revival of the National Government’s Career Executive Service Development Program.
Under the administration of President Rodrigo Roa Duterte, the new PDP for 2017-2022 also supports PMDP to further improve the efficiency and competence of public service as stated in Chapter 5: Ensuring People-Centered, Clean, and Efficient Governance. PDP 2017-2022 may be viewed through this link.
Anchored on “Enhancing the Social Fabric / Malasakit”, the new PDP ensures that governance should be people-centered, clean, and efficient, pursues swift and fair administration of justice, and promotes Philippine culture and values. It also aims to accelerate human capital development, hence setting a solid foundation for PMDP to continue producing top-caliber middle managers and senior executives in the bureaucracy.
Being an intensive program that provides comprehensive and multi-modal learning opportunities for public managers, it aims to foster careerism in government and promote stability in the bureaucracy by producing a corps of public leaders that embody competence, integrity and commitment.
Specifically, it aims to help participants develop a keen appreciation of the vital role of public managers in the overall development process; foster kinship and mutual support among government leaders; deepen the bench of qualified and competent successors to the incumbent government executives; and develop competent government leaders who are committed to the welfare of the people and the development of the nation.
Ultimately, the Program aspires to help enhance the image of the Philippine government as an institution imbued with professionalism, integrity and honesty.